Thailand has managed to avoid being placed on the U.S. monitoring list for currency manipulation, though the kingdom’s central bank, the Bank of Thailand (BOT), will keep apprised of future developments amid tightening criteria by the U.S. Treasury.
As reported by the Bangkok Post, BOT Governor Veerathai Santiprabhob said the nation cannot afford to be overly confident, noting that the central bank will continue to follow up on the situation.
The U.S. Treasury Department recently issued its semi-annual foreign exchange report to Congress in which no country was labeled an outright currency manipulator, but nine were nevertheless placed on the watchlist due to having met some of the criteria.
The five new additions comprised Ireland, Italy, Vietnam, Singapore and Malaysia, joining China, Japan, South Korea and Germany. India and Switzerland had been removed from the list.
In accordance with the amended criteria, nations with a current account surplus with the U.S. equivalent to 2% of gross domestic product (GDP) are placed on the watchlist, down from 3% previously. The other two criteria are persistent, one-sided intervention in the foreign exchange market with net purchases of at least 2% of GDP, and a trade surplus of at least US$20 billion with the United States.
Nations on the watchlist also face no penalties, but come under closer scrutiny for possible manipulation.
Although the label of currency manipulator does not carry with it any immediate penalty, it nevertheless has the potential to disrupt markets while opening the possibility of sanctions being imposed. Nations on the watchlist also face no
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